Prevention White Spot – disease on Dragon fruit caused by Neoscytalidium Dimidiatum.
- Isolation, purification and biological molecule identification of N. Dimidiatum caused White Spot disease on Dragon fruit. Isolated and selected 3 strains with strong antifungal of N. dimidiatum under laboratory conditions. Bacillus atrophaeus, Streptomyes griseus and Trichoderma asperellum. Under greenhouse conditions, B. atrophaeus and T. asperellum for high efficiency in the treatment of White Spot disease and was selected to study the formation of N. dimidiatum antagonistic microbial product.
- The production process of N. dimidiatum resistant microbial product includes steps. strains cultured on nutrient medium supplemented with 20% Cornstarch (for T. asperellum). supplemented with 20% meat extract (for B. Subtilis), cultured 48 hours (for B. atrophaeus) and After 5 days (for T. asperellum), collecting biomass and mixing Silicagel 30-40%, drying 38-40oC, mix with cornstarch (rate 1:1), finished product.
- Result the use microbial product of B. Atrophaeus and T. asperellum in the field, the product has high potential for disease prevention and treatment. In addition, the combined use of microbial product with nano Cu particle, phosphonate for high efficiency in the prevention and treatment of White Spot disease on Dragon fruit in field conditions. no side effects on the growth of Dragon fruit. reduce drastically the disease rate on fruit and improve the value of Dragon fruit.
Fig 1. Resistance to N. dimidiatum of some Bacillus.
Fig 2. Some dragon fruit branches. tested for the ability to treat White spot disease